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Deciduous Forest

Page history last edited by Ed Bianchi 9 years, 3 months ago

"The Deciduous Forest" 

Click here to see the 2011 video

Pease Mountain is mostly deciduous forest.  There are trees such as shagbark hickory, all kinds of maples, eastern hophorn beam, red and white oak, beech and paper birch.  The deciduous forest on Pease Mountain is mostly mature trees.  Deciduous forests like to be where there is warm summers and cold winters.  So Vermont is a good climate for deciduous forests.

I am going to tell you why a deciduous tree is unique.  I am also going to teach you about the structure, shape, and the leaves of a deciduous tree.  Deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall.  They do it to save energy and protect parts of the tree (the leaves) from freezing.  If the leaves stayed on during the winter, the water inside the leaves would freeze.  That would damage the tree.   

A deciduous tree has branches that go up, unlike the coniferous tree where they go down. The shape of  a deciduous tree is pretty round, but it has some bumps on it.  The main job of the branches is to hold the leaves up so they can get as much sunlight as possible.  There are two kinds of branches, alternate and opposite.

A deciduous tree has flat/broad leaves. They have a big vein that goes down the whole leaf and little ones that split off it.  They have a green leaf, which is the color of chlorophyll.  Chlorophyll traps the energy from the sun in the leaf and makes glucose. Glucose is sugar and is what the tree eats.

Another unique thing about deciduous trees is their leaves are different shapes.  This will help you identify the different deciduous trees.  Deciduous trees either have a simple leaf or a compound leaf.  The first shape is a simple leaf.  A simple leaf is a single leaf.  The edges will have a smooth or toothed outline.  Compound leaves are when leaflets grow off of one leaf stem. 


“Niches of the Deciduous Forest"


A deciduous forest attracts animals that eat their seeds, fruits, and nuts.  It is like its own ecosystem.  Deciduous trees create good niches. 

In this paragraph I am going to talk to you about niches. 

A niche is something that a living organism either likes to stay in or live in.  Deciduous trees make good food for animals. Some produce nuts, some produce fruits, and some produce seeds.  Animals such as deer, squirrels, chipmunks, raccoons, and black bears collect nuts from the shagbark hickory and oak trees for the winter.   The Eastern Hophornbeam makes cone-like seeds.  This is good food for birds, rabbits, and deer.  Deciduous trees make good shelter for animals in the summer because of their broad leaves.  In the summer when it is hot out deciduous trees make good shade.  Now you  know how deciduous trees make niches for animals.  


"The Layers of the Deciduous Forest”


In this report I am going to explain the layers of the deciduous forest.

On Pease Mountain most of the forest floor is covered in grasses, leaves, twigs, and animal droppings.  We have grass up there because Pease Mountain used to be a sheep farm.  The grass is a sign of the past.  Some dead animals also end up on the forest floor.  Under the leaves sometimes you will find earthworms, fungi, insects, spiders, and bacteria.  This is called the litter layer.  The next layer is the herb layer.  The herb layer is made up of ferns, grasses, wild flowers, and other soft stemmed plants.  The more open the canopy, the thicker and richer the herb layer.  It includes small animals, insects, mice, snakes, turtles, and ground nesting birds. 

Next story up, the shrub layer!  What you would find in the shrub layer would be bushes, shrubs, and small trees.  Forests that have open canopies have a thick shrub layer. Pease Mountain is a mature forest so there is not lots of shrubs.  You can find them along the edges of the forest and near rock ledges in some places on the mountain.  There is a place where there was a wind throw on the mountain.  There are more shrubs there because it is open canopy.

Now the understory!!  The understory is made up of shorter trees that are not as tall as the canopy layer.  It does not provide as many resources as the canopy, but it does provide shelter and shade for animals.

The last layer of the forest is the canopy.  The canopy mainly consists of crowns of the tallest trees.  On Pease Mountain, our tallest tress are a Quaking Aspen, the oak, and the shagbark hickory.  The canopy gets the most sunlight out of the whole forest.  Fruit eating birds, insects, and other mammals that eat the leaves or fruit live in the canopy.

Did you ever know that a forest could have layers?  We hope you had fun learning about the deciduous forest.


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Comments (15)

Nicole Gorman said

at 12:14 am on Nov 17, 2009

Hey Deciduous Dudes...this looks excellent! What a great job writing and editing your video...WOW!

oliviac said

at 8:26 pm on Dec 3, 2009

Great job!! The movie rocks

Lori Racha Silverman said

at 11:12 pm on Dec 7, 2009

I liked the many layers of your presentation. Nice videography.

jackb said

at 11:14 am on Dec 10, 2009

awesome you guys! great job on this page!

zaqu said

at 11:16 am on Dec 10, 2009

The Deciuous Forest is awesome! I love your writing!

oliviac said

at 11:22 am on Dec 10, 2009

good job!!!

sophier said

at 11:26 am on Dec 10, 2009

I like it!

jerryb said

at 11:28 am on Dec 10, 2009

Awesome righting DUDES.

moirab said

at 11:37 am on Dec 10, 2009

QUIET ON THE SET must have been screamed! Good movie and COOL script.

spencerd said

at 11:41 am on Dec 10, 2009

that was great

Nicole Gorman said

at 11:51 am on Dec 11, 2009

What a great job speaking in front of the UVM students and faculty! You really know your stuff!

trevorm said

at 11:27 am on Dec 16, 2009


trevorm said

at 11:27 am on Dec 16, 2009


lexip said

at 11:29 am on Dec 16, 2009

This helped me alot!!

rnhyams@gmavt.net said

at 12:32 pm on Dec 23, 2009

Hey, what's up with the QUIET ON THE SET routine, I'm at the library and you guys are getting me in trouble! As you described, the deciduous forest covers most of Pease Mountain. I believe the coniferous stands are at the lower elevations. Is that correct? If so, why is that?

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