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Conifer Forest

Page history last edited by Ed Bianchi 9 years, 3 months ago

"Coniferous Forest''


Click here to see the 2011 video


What kinds of plants and animals do you find in the coniferous forest?  This web page will teach you about the coniferous forest.  You will learn what is special about coniferous trees, the layers of a conifer forests and how these trees create a niche. 


"Shape, Structure, Leaves and Fruit"


In this paragraph you will learn how a conifer is unique. You will be able to tell the difference between a deciduous tree and a coniferous tree.  I will discuss the shape, structure, and leaves of a conifer.


The shape of a conifer is triangular. This is important so snow can fall off the sides and the branches won't break. The structure of a conifer is very strong. In some conifers, the bark is very thick to protect itself from forest fires. The branches of some coniferous trees have whorled arrangement which means they are in a circle around the tree. The leaves of a conifer are not like the leaves you usually think about. Many are shaped like needles. The needles of pine trees grow in bunches of 2, 3, and 5. Another type of leaf is scale-like. These leaves overlap like the scales on a fish. An important thing to know different from a deciduous tree is that conifers don't lose all their leaves at once. They shed needles throughout the year with more growing to fill the spaces that the needles have fallen from. That is why they are called evergreens, because they are always green. The seeds of a conifer grow in pine cones and the scales of the pine cone protect the seed, but the seed is naked on top of the scale. A gymnosperm is another name for a conifer. Gymnosperm means "naked seed".


"Layers of a Coniferous Forest"


In this section of the webpage, you will learn about all the layers of a coniferous forest.  The layers in a coniferous forest are a lot different than a deciduous forest.  Knowing the layers helps you see how this ecosystem is unique.


The canopy in the coniferous forest is very important to the forest because it hogs the sunlight to itself. On Pease Mountain, the trees in the conifer groves are in between tightly packed and loosely packed.  Conifers grow close together to shield themselves from fast blowing winds.When you look up, the branches and needles on the tree block the sunlight.  In this forest there really is no understory.  There is a big space between the trees and the ground.  The shrub layer is along the outside edge of the conifer grove just as you walk onto the Pease Mountain trail.  When you are in the conifer grove there aren't so many shrubs, only where trees have fallen and sunlight is reaching to the ground.  On the forest floor you will see fallen branches and trees.  There are shade tolerant plants and saprophytes - fungi, mosses, and algae (things that live off dead things) on decomposing logs.  The forest floor is covered with ferns, moss, needles, dying, and dead plants.  Each layer is important to certain types of plants and animals.


“The Niche of the Coniferous Forest”


Conifers grow in cold and warm places. Conifers produce food, shelter, and other things to help animals survive. Coniferous trees make food like seeds, sap, bark, and pine cones.  These substances are eaten by the wolf, lynx, bobcat, birds, weasel, fox, moose, elk, squirrel, and mice.  Conifers are very good places for animals to live.  Woodpeckers make holes which turn into homes for raccoons and owls.  The whole tree provides a roof for the animals below.  During the winter, when the branches are covered with snow they bend down to the ground and create a little shelters for animals.  Now you have learned the niche of the coniferous forest.






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Comments (17)

Nicole Gorman said

at 12:13 am on Nov 17, 2009

Your video is fantastic! Great job Deciduous Dudes!

oliviac said

at 8:22 pm on Dec 3, 2009

Good job! I like the movie.

patmcglaflin@... said

at 8:59 pm on Dec 3, 2009

That is a cool movie!

Lori Racha Silverman said

at 11:08 pm on Dec 7, 2009

Cool Conifer glade. Nice job with lots of information.

sophier said

at 11:28 am on Dec 10, 2009

It think your video is really cool!!!!!!!

campbellw said

at 11:31 am on Dec 10, 2009


zaqu said

at 11:32 am on Dec 10, 2009


jerryb said

at 11:33 am on Dec 10, 2009


loganj said

at 11:36 am on Dec 10, 2009

I LOVE THE QUIET ON THE SET AT THE BEGENNING!! the movie is fantastic!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

matthews said

at 11:46 am on Dec 10, 2009

Good job!

Nicole Gorman said

at 11:48 am on Dec 11, 2009

Nicole Gorman said

at 11:48 am on Dec 11, 2009

WOW!! You were so confident speaking in front of the UVM students and faculty! Excellent job!

jerryb said

at 11:26 am on Dec 16, 2009


jerryb said

at 11:27 am on Dec 16, 2009


jerryb said

at 11:28 am on Dec 16, 2009


rnhyams@gmavt.net said

at 12:20 pm on Dec 23, 2009

Excellent video, it really added to my understanding of the effects of the canopy on the understory and forest floor. Some of the big pines are growing straight, while others seemed to form large branches (like the large tree in your video). Do you know why that is?

zaqu said

at 1:11 pm on Dec 26, 2009


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